Nathaniel Mills was born in 1750 in Hanover County, Virginia, son of Charles Mills and Ann Jackson and was a 5th generation descendant of Nicholas Mills, Sr. who was in New Kent County, Virginia as early as 1687.
The Mills family was of landed gentry and for the most part managed their plantations; but in time of peril, like all true Americans, they joined the fight when liberties were imperiled. On October 22, 1771, Nathaniel Mills married Frances Thompson, daughter of William and Margaret Thompson of Hanover County, Virginia.
On February 27, 1771, Nathaniel was commissioned as a Captain of Militia after a recommendatuin by the Orange County Court. He served throughout the Revolutional War.
Captain Mills died in Orange County, Virginia, on December 27, 1815 as recorded in the Douglas Register. His wife, Frances, preceded him in death by 6 days. The couple left 10 children.